Frans-Jan W. Parmentier, Arctic Climate Change Researcher

Dr. Frans-Jan W. Parmentier
Department of Geosciences
University of Oslo
Postboks 1022 Blindern
0315 Oslo, Norway
Department of Physical Geography and Ecosystem Science
Lund University, Sweden
Sölvegatan 12
223 62 Lund, Sweden

Research Interests and Experience
The Arctic is changing at a rapid pace. Temperatures rise at more than twice the global rate, and sea ice and snow cover losses are unprecedented. These highly visible changes impact the growth of vegetation and lead to the thaw of permafrost – frozen ground containing immense amounts of carbon. This can cause a large release of greenhouse gases from the Arctic, which would worsen climate change. However, the timing and magnitude of such a release is highly uncertain since the above-mentioned processes are connected in complex and often unexpected ways. In my research, I explore the interactions among these processes with computer models, and aim to improve these models with what we learn from observations.
Currently, I'm leading the Norwegian-Swedish research project 'WINTERPROOF' which focuses on model representations of snow-vegetation-permafrost interactions and associated arctic climate feedbacks, funded by both the Norwegian and Swedish Research Councils. This project will start in the summer of 2018, will last for four years, employ two PhD students, and involves a collaboration with numerous institutions from Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Germany and France.
In addition to these research interests, I contribute to expert assessments of AMAP, a working group of the Arctic Council. I coordinated a chapter on the 2015 report on methane and I'm a lead author on the SWIPA 2017 assessment. I'm also a member of the Permafrost Carbon Network, the Global Carbon Project and Winternet, and regularly write columns about climate change for the Norwegian newspaper Klassekampen.
Adventdalen on Svalbard, one of my main fieldwork areas. The cottongrass (Eriophorum scheuchzeri) pictured in the foreground plays an important role in the production and emission of the potent greenhouse gas methane.
Past Positions
In the past, I've worked at several institutes in Scandinavia and the Netherlands. I received my PhD from the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam in the Netherlands for my research on the drivers of greenhouse gas exchange from tundra, for which I frequently visited the Kytalyk nature reserve in northeast Siberia to do fieldwork. I was a postdoc at Lund University in Sweden, where I studied connections between the arctic carbon cycle and sea ice decline – since the latter plays an important role in the amplified warming of the region.
I worked in Lund for five years, during which I was also a visiting researcher at Aarhus University in Denmark. After receiving a small grant, I worked on my own project at the Norwegian Research Institute Nibio, studying the influence of winter extremes on the carbon cycle. Thereafter, I took on a research position at UiT – The Arctic University of Norway in Tromsø to study snow-vegetation-permafrost interactions in the Adventdalen valley on Svalbard. Since July 2018, I'm back at Lund University in a joined research position with the University of Oslo.
Selected Publications
Here is a small selection of the 32 papers I have published in peer-reviewed scientific journals. The full list of publications is available on this site, as well as through Google Scholar.
I have reviewed for the following journals (among others): Nature Climate Change, Global Change Biology, Geophysical Research Letters, Environmental Research Letters, Nature Communications, Biogeosciences, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, The Cryosphere, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, and Agricultural and Forest Meteorology. See also my Publons profile for more information on this.